Support and Development: Initiatives in Volcanoes National Park, Rwanda

At the heart of Rwanda lies the Volcanoes National Park Rwanda, a pristine sanctuary of biodiversity and mesmerizing beauty. However, beneath the surface of its natural allure lies an intricate tapestry of human-wildlife dynamics, woven with threads of land use conflict and interspersed with the challenges of coexistence. Local communities residing at the peripheries of this park often find themselves at a crossroads, grappling with the need to protect their crops from wild intruders while also navigating the tension between land use and conservation objectives. Recognizing the pressing need to harmonize these interests, the park management has embarked on a transformative journey. Through the establishment of community-driven self-help projects, they seek to harness the burgeoning tourism industry as a conduit for empowerment. These initiatives not only tap into the immense tourism potential of the region but also aim to inculcate a sense of ownership among the local communities, ensuring that the dividends of tourism bolster both their livelihoods and the broader conservation objectives of the park.

Iby’Iwacu Cultural Village

Iby’iwacu Cultural Village

Nestled amidst the breathtaking backdrop of Volcanoes National Park Rwanda, the Iby’Iwacu Cultural Village stands as a testament to Rwanda’s rich cultural mosaic. Iby’Iwacu, translating to the ‘treasure of our home’ or ‘our heritage’, embodies the nation’s vibrant historical tapestry and offers visitors an immersive experience into its age-old traditions.

Location & Background

Merely a 20-minute drive from the bustling Musanze district, in the scenic Kinigi area of Nyabigoma cell, this village is strategically positioned near Parc National des Volcans. Here, the echoes of the ancient Rwandan ethos, drawn from the diverse Twa (Batwa), Hutu, and Tutsi ethnic groups, come alive.

The inception of this village was motivated by dual objectives:

To create sustainable livelihood avenues for communities residing near the park, forging a harmonious bond between conservation and their necessities.

To salvage and celebrate Rwanda’s cultural identity, which was waning amongst the youth, ensuring its longevity for future generations.

The village has resoundingly met these goals, marrying conservation with cultural revival, benefiting both the people and the environment.

Cultural Encounters & Experiences

Visitors to Iby’Iwacu are welcomed with an array of vivid experiences:

Artistic Expression: Be mesmerized by traditional artifacts meticulously crafted by skilled artisans, each narrating a unique story of the land.

Performance Arts: The rhythmic beats, fervent dance, and passionate drama encapsulate the heart and soul of Rwanda, offering a spectacle you’ll cherish forever.

Rwandan Way of Life: Immerse yourself in the Rwandan lifestyle – adorn their traditional attire, relish their delectable dishes, and engage in their daily activities.

Hands-On Experiences: Dive deep into the culture as you brew beer the traditional way or collaborate with local women to concoct a sumptuous Rwandan dish. The King’s house awaits you, where you can momentarily ascend the throne and be enthroned by revered elders.

Traditional Activities: Engage in age-old practices: grind millet and sorghum on ancient grinding stones, master archery with the Batwa, or navigate the village on a quintessential wooden bicycle.

Intore Dance: Cap off your visit by soaking in the mesmerizing Intore dance performance, a vibrant display that resonates with the spirit of Rwanda.

Visiting the Iby’Iwacu Cultural Village is not just a journey across miles, but across time, bridging the ancient with the modern. Don’t miss this enriching rendezvous with Rwanda’s soul!

The Ethnobotany Tour

A fascinating journey awaits in the Ethnobotany tour. This excursion offers deep insights into the realm of medicinal plants and herbs indigenous to the region. Led by traditional healers, visitors gain an understanding of the diverse range of flora and their curative properties. The highlight is a visit to the local “pharmacy,” where these age-old remedies come alive. Beyond the educational aspect, this tour stands as a significant source of livelihood for the locals, enhancing their connection to the thriving tourist market.

The region also beckons with a hands-on brick-making experience. Witness the age-old techniques employed by local men, from molding the bricks to drying them meticulously wrapped in banana leaves. Those with an adventurous spirit can delve right in, helping mold bricks or even assisting in community house construction.

Musanze, a vibrant town situated close to the park, pulsates with local businesses. A stroll through the market promises handcrafted wonders, while the local restaurants tempt with an array of delicacies. The gastronomically adventurous can also join local women in the culinary journey of crafting traditional dishes, from wrapping food in banana leaves to mastering the art of Rwandan spice blends.

Water and Agricultural Initiatives at Volcanoes National Park

Nestled amidst Rwanda’s pristine landscapes, the Volcanoes National Park Rwanda is not just a haven for wildlife but also a beacon of hope for the neighboring communities. Beyond the raw beauty of its biodiversity, the park is actively fostering socio-economic growth in the region, aiding in endeavors that span clean water access and agriculture.

Investment in Communities

One of the standout features of the Volcanoes National Park’s management model is its unwavering commitment to the local communities. An impressive 60% of the tourism revenue generated by the park is diligently redirected to fund various community-based projects. This revenue allocation signifies a tangible belief in intertwining the park’s prosperity with the well-being of the local populace.

Quenching the Thirst for Clean Water

Recognizing the fundamental importance of clean water, the park authorities, in collaboration with the Rwanda Development Board (RDB), have made strides in ensuring its accessibility. An epitome of this commitment was the 2011 Kwita Izina ceremony. As part of the celebrations, RDB unveiled a water project comprising 52 household-based water collective tanks and four expansive public water collective tanks. Financed by a substantial 62 million Rwandan francs, amassed from prior gorilla conservation initiatives, these water tanks epitomize the symbiotic relationship between conservation and community welfare.

Boosting Agricultural Resilience

Agriculture forms the backbone of the livelihoods of many in the vicinity of the Volcanoes National Park. However, the continuous threat of crop raids by wild animals posed significant challenges. Addressing this, the park authorities have initiated the distribution of certain crops, notably tea, which are less appealing to wildlife. By doing so, they not only mitigate human-wildlife conflict but also bolster the community’s economic prospects, as these crops yield significant returns in the market.

Sustainable Partnerships for Community Growth

The park’s endeavors don’t stand alone. Numerous conservation bodies have also extended their support, championing sustainable community projects. These partnerships underline the shared vision of creating a harmonious and prosperous ecosystem around the Volcanoes National Park.

The Volcanoes National Park is a symbol of how nature conservation and community upliftment can coexist harmoniously. Through strategic projects and collaborations, it continues to sow seeds of hope, growth, and sustainability for the communities at its periphery.

The Sustainable Agricultural Training Project

In the shadow of the majestic Volcanoes National Park Rwanda, a groundbreaking initiative is quietly transforming the agricultural landscape and bettering the lives of local communities. This is the Sustainable Agricultural Training Project, a brainchild of the Gorilla Organization, which took root in 2001.

A Vision for Sustainable Agriculture

The driving force behind this project was a dual-edged objective: first, to uplift the communities bordering the Volcanoes National Park out of poverty by revamping their farming techniques; and second, to minimize human interference and dependency on the park’s resources.

To set this monumental task in motion, the Gorilla Organization began by providing comprehensive agricultural training to 110 Key Farmer Trainers (KFTs). These KFTs, equipped with newfound knowledge and skills, became the torchbearers of sustainable agriculture in their communities. Each of these trainers went on to enlighten 20 more farmers, and the cycle continued, with each newly trained farmer educating five more individuals. This cascading model of knowledge dissemination ensured that improved farming methods swiftly permeated through the community, marking a significant shift in local agricultural practices.

Beyond Crops: Fostering a Sustainable Lifestyle

But the ambitions of the project extended beyond the fields. A pivotal component of this initiative has been its focus on curbing the community’s reliance on traditional energy sources, predominantly charcoal and firewood. By introducing fuel-efficient stoves, the project dramatically reduced the community’s dependence on these resources by a whopping 70%. This not only aids in conservation efforts but also significantly minimizes deforestation and the resultant environmental degradation.

Another remarkable achievement of this initiative has been its thrust on afforestation. Over 100,000 trees have taken root as a direct outcome of this project, playing a pivotal role in rejuvenating the local environment and significantly reducing the strain on the park’s resources.

A Legacy of Green Stewardship

Rwanda Tourism: Using Eco-tourism to Protect Rwanda’s Natural Treasures

Today, the Key Farmer Trainers stand as the guardians of this initiative, ensuring its continued success and evolution. Their supervision ensures that the project remains dynamic, adapting to new techniques and ensuring that the community always benefits from the best sustainable agricultural practices.

The Sustainable Agricultural Training Project stands as a beacon, showcasing how conservation, community welfare, and sustainable agriculture can harmoniously intertwine. Through its efforts, the Gorilla Organization has not only transformed the agricultural blueprint of the region but has also sown the seeds of sustainable living for generations to come.

Empowering Indigenous Communities

Amidst the lush expanse of Rwanda’s natural wonders, there’s a heartwarming tale of empowerment, resilience, and transformation. The story is interwoven with the efforts of The Gorilla Organization in its project called “Supporting Indigenous Rwanda Communities.”

Reviving the Batwa’s Legacy

Launched in 2001, this commendable initiative focused on the Batwa people, an indigenous community that found themselves displaced from their ancestral land within the park’s forest. In collaboration with the African Indigenous and Minority Peoples Organization, The Gorilla Organization took the lead in restoring dignity and hope to the Batwa.

This effort has not only secured over 30 hectares of agricultural land for the Batwa but has also introduced them to modern agricultural techniques. These transformative changes have seen the Batwa transition from their traditional hunter-gatherer ways to a sustainable agricultural society. Moreover, the initiative has also facilitated the construction of better housing for the community.

The park’s management, recognizing the vast potential of community engagement in tourism, organized trainings aimed at product development to attract and benefit from the tourism market. One of the stellar outcomes of this is the Iby’Iwacu cultural Village, a testament to community-led innovation and entrepreneurship.


The concerted efforts of organizations and local communities have created a rich tapestry of experiences that not only uplift indigenous communities but also offer visitors a unique, immersive journey. By supporting these initiatives, one doesn’t just take home memories but also plays a part in sustaining and enriching the vibrant heart of Rwanda.